Bentonite is commonly used in earthing applications, which is a process of connecting electrical systems or equipment to the earth's surface. The primary purpose of earthing is to provide a low resistance path for the flow of electrical currents in case of a fault or surge, thereby protecting people and equipment from electric shocks and damage.
In earthing applications, bentonite is used as a conductive material to improve the electrical conductivity of the soil. Bentonite has a high cation exchange capacity, which means it can attract and hold positively charged ions, such as sodium, calcium, and magnesium. These ions can help to improve the conductivity of the soil and reduce its resistance, allowing electrical currents to flow more easily.
Bentonite is also used in earthing applications as a backfill material, which is used to fill the space around the earth electrode or grounding system. Bentonite is a non-corrosive material and can help to protect the electrode from corrosion, thereby increasing its lifespan and improving its performance.
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